What We Do

Michigan Protection & Advocacy Service, Inc. (MPAS) provides information, referrals, direct advocacy and legal representation with discrimination in education, employment, housing and public places, abuse and neglect, Social Security benefits, Medicaid, Medicare, other insurance and vocational rehabilitation through funding provided by protection and advocacy (P&A) programs mandated by the Congress of the United States within the following program areas:

Client Assistance Program (CAP)

Services include assistance in pursuing administrative, legal, and other appropriate remedies to ensure the protection of persons receiving or seeking services under the Rehabilitation Act.

  • Established as a mandatory program by the 1984 Amendments to the Rehabilitation Act
  • Administered by the Rehabilitation Services Administration, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, U.S. Department of Education Protection and Advocacy for persons with Developmental Disabilities (PADD)

Protection & Advocacy for Individuals with Traumatic Brain Injury (PATBI)

MPAS provides advocacy services, information and referral, and self-advocacy training to individuals who face a loss of legal rights as a direct result of TBI; and works to increase and improve systems of support for people impacted by TBI.

  • Created by the Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Act authorized as part of the Children’s Health Act of 2000
  • Administered by the Health Resources and Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Protection & Advocacy for Individuals with Mental Illness (PAIMI)

MPAS protects and advocates the rights of people with mental illness, and investigates abuse and neglect in facilities that care for or treat individuals with mental illness.

  • Established by the PAIMI Act of 1986
  • Administered by the Center for Mental Health Services, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Protection & Advocacy of Individual Rights (PAIR)

PAIR was established to protect and advocate the legal and human rights of persons not covered by other programs – such as those with visual or hearing impairments or those with physical disabilities acquired as an adult.

  • Established by Congress as a national program under the Rehabilitation Act in 1993
  • Administered by the Rehabilitation Services Administration of the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, U.S. Department of Education

Protection & Advocacy for Users of Assistive Technology (PAAT)

PAAT was established to “assist individuals with disabilities and their family members, guardians, advocates, and authorized representatives in accessing technology devices and assistive technology services” through case management, legal representation, and self-advocacy training.

  • Created in 1994 when Congress expanded the Technology-Related Assistance for Individuals with Disabilities Act (Tech Act)
  • Administered by the Rehabilitation Services Administration of the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, U.S. Department of Education

Protection & Advocacy for Voter Access (PAVA)

P&As seek to secure election access for a wide range of individuals with disabilities – including, but not limited to, individuals with mental, sensory, and physical disabilities – pursuant to Congress’ broad mandate to “ensure the full participation in the electoral process for individuals with disabilities, including registering to vote, casting a vote and accessing polling places”.

  • Created in 2002 when Congress enacted the Help America Vote Act (HAVA)
  • Administered by the Administration on Developmental Disabilities of the Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Protection & Advocacy for Persons with Developmental Disabilities (PADD)

P&As are required to pursue legal, administrative, and other appropriate remedies under all applicable federal and state laws to protect and advocate for the rights of individuals with developmental disabilities

  • Created by the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights (DD) Act of 1975
  • Administered by the Administration on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AIDD), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Protection & Advocacy for Beneficiaries of Social Security (PABSS)

PABSS staff advocates for Social Security beneficiaries who want to work. We can help you get workplace accommodations and assist you in accessing vocational rehabilitation services.
  • Created by the Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act of 1999
  • Established to assist social security beneficiaries with disabilities in obtaining information and advice about receiving vocational rehabilitation and employment services; and to provide advocacy or other related services that beneficiaries may need to secure or regain gainful employment
  • Administered by the Social Security Administration

Protection & Advocacy for Beneficiaries with Representative Payees (PABRP)

Under “The Strengthening Protections for Social Security Beneficiaries Act of 2018”, MPAS will monitor organizations and individuals who receive Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI) for a person who is not capable of managing their own funds. MPAS helps ensure that benefits are being managed appropriately.

  • MPAS conducts both representative payee reviews and educational visits.
  • Reviews verify the representative payee is using the benefits on behalf of the beneficiary and is carrying out their responsibilities correctly.
  • Educational visits ensure payees fully understand their duties and responsibilities.

For more information about what a representative payee does, please see the “Rep Payee Program Guide for Beneficiaries”.

For more information on these programs, visit National Disability Rights Network (NDRN(link is external)).